This will be the first time the US Supreme Court will address the scope of international organisations’ immunity.

New Delhi: The U.S. Supreme Court announced on yesterday that it would hear the landmark lawsuit, filed by the villagers of Mundra, challenging the absolute immunity of powerful institutions like the International Finance Corporation (IFC).  The villagers were affected by the coal-fired Tata Mundra Ultra Mega Project, which was partially funded by the IFC.

Welcoming the US Supreme Court’s decision, Dr Bharat Patel, General Secretary, Machimar Adhikar Sangharsh Sangathan, one of the petitioners in the case, said “This is a victory of our relentless struggle to bring to justice the crimes committed by the Tata against the fishing community. IFC aided the process by turning a blind eye to it.”

The case, Jam v. IFC, filed in 2015 by the fishing communities and farmers affected by IFC-funded Tata’s Mundra Ultra Mega Project, challenged the absolute immunity enjoyed so far by international organisations like IFC, the private lending arm of the World Bank Group.

The key legal question before the court is whether the International Organizations Immunities Act—which affords international organisations the “same immunity” from the suit that foreign governments have— confers the same immunity on such organisations as foreign governments have under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act.

The Supreme Court’s decision to hear their case will ensure that the Court will dwell upon the immunity of international organisations for the first time, and decide whether international organisations can be held accountable for their harmful conduct, or whether they enjoy the special status above the law that they claim.

“International organisations like the IFC are not above the law and must be held accountable when their projects harm communities. The notion of ‘absolute immunity’ is inconsistent with Supreme Court precedent, and it is contrary to the IFC’s mission as an anti-poverty institution. We are glad the Supreme Court has agreed to hear this case and hope it will correct this error,” said Richard Herz, Senior Litigation Attorney at EarthRights International (ERI) in a release.

Budha Jam, the main petitioner, said that the decision on this case would be keenly awaited by not only by the villagers but also across the world by the communities that are fighting the crimes of the international financial institutions. He said that he is hopeful that the US Supreme Court will not let them down.

Last year, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit had ruled that IFC had “absolute immunity” and could not be sued for its role in the controversial Tata Mundra coal-fired power plant that has devastated communities in Gujarat. The D.C. Circuit recognised the “dismal” situation the plant has created for the complainants, including the destruction of their livelihoods and property and the serious threats to their health, and noted that the IFC had not denied those harms. The court found the IFC could not be sued based on prior D.C. Circuit decisions. One of the judges, however, expressed strong disagreement with IFC immunity and noted that another federal court had rejected the prior D.C. Circuit immunity cases, which she thought were “wrongly decided.”

Press Release by Machimar Adhikar Sangharsh Sangathan

Media coverage of the US Supreme Court’s decision

Some key documents on the case:

Client Stories


IFC Motion to Dismiss – July 2015

Jam v. IFC Complaint – April 2015

Jam v. IFC Order Granting Motion to Dismiss – March 2016

Dr. Erica R. Gould Amicus for Appellant – August 2016

Daniel Bradlow Amicus for Appellant – August 2016

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, et. al Amicus for Appellee – November 2016

Jam v. IFC Appellee Brief – December 2016

Jam v. IFC Appellants Opening Brief – December 2016

Jam v. IFC – Appellant Reply Brief – December 2016

Opinion – June 2017

Petition for Rehearing En Banc – July 2017

Jam v. IFC Cert Petition – January 2018

More documents on Tata Mundra:

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